Arunachalam Muruganantham [n]Arunachalam Muruganantham[/n] , widely known as the Padman, is the inventor of the world’s most affordable sanitary napkin machine. His invention has not only brought health benefits to rural Indian women, but it has also given them with a source of income. Wiki, Height, Weight, Age, Wife, Caste, Family, Biography, and More on Arunachalam Muruganantham.
Arunachalam Muruganantham, often known as Padman, was born in a small town in Coimbatore, India, in the year 1962. His father died in a car accident while he was a small child, leaving him to live in poverty. He was enrolled in a local government school, and his mother supported them by working as a farm labourer in the fields. He dropped out of school at the age of 14 and began working as a farm labourer, exactly like his mother. He worked as a machine tool operator, a welder, and a food provider in addition to working on the fields.
He married Shanthi in 1998. After some time with Shanthi, he discovered that she was using filthy fabric and newspapers instead of sanitary napkins throughout her menstrual cycle. He was taken aback by his wife’s refusal to purchase sanitary pads due to their exorbitant cost. But, at the same time, it was an extremely costly item for them to purchase on a monthly basis. This encounter prompted him to design a low-cost sanitary napkin, for which he paid a high price. He asked his wife to try a few examples of sanitary napkins he created out of raw cotton and clean cloths at first. However, they were not absorbent enough to assist his wife.
All of his sanitary napkins were rejected by his wife, who urged him to quit worrying about her.
Despite the knowledge that using that dirty rag can cause a variety of ailments, he could not stop himself and continued to attempt.
He enlisted the support of his sisters and other female relatives, but they were all wary of the subject. Later, he used animal blood and a football bladder to test them on himself. But he failed once more. Failure in those attempts was not a big deal, but his wife and mother abandoned him. The entire hamlet rose up against him, forcing him to flee.
After two years of numerous studies, he discovered that the cotton he was using to make sanitary napkins was not the same as the cotton utilised by MNCs in the same industry, namely, cellulose fibres generated from pine bark wood pulp. After that, he researched an imported machine that produces sanitary napkins to get an understanding of how it worked, and he was able to replicate the process with his low-cost equipment. The price gap between the original machine, which cost 35 million dollars (US$550,000), and the machine he built, which cost 65 thousand dollars, was enormous.
He purchased the cellulose fibre sheets from a Mumbai-based company. By grinding the sheets, de-fibration, pressing, and sterilising the pads under UV light, his equipment could now successfully produce pads.
He approached IIT Madras in 2006 and offered his ideas to them. His invention was chosen as the winner of the National Innovation Foundation’s Grassroots Technological Innovations Awards. He created his own production company, Jayaashree Industries, after receiving the award. Since 2006, his machines have been deployed in 23 of India’s 29 states, delivering low-cost sanitary pads as well as employment to rural residents.
Arunachalam Muruganantham is 56 years old, stands 5’7′′ tall, and weighs around 60 kg. His hair and eyes are also black.
Family, Caste & Girlfriend
Arunachalam Muruganantham was born into a poor family in a small village in Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India. S. Arunachalam and A. Vanita, his father and mother, were both hand-loom weavers. He and his three sisters are his parents’ sole children.
He married Shanthi in 1998, and she was the driving force behind his remarkable innovation. Preeti is the name of his daughter.
Arunachalam Muruganantham had dropped out of school. Due to his family’s financial difficulties, he dropped out of school while he was in ninth grade. When he was a child, his father died suddenly. His mother used to work as a farm labourer and was unable to adequately maintain the family. As a result, Muruganantham began working as a farm labourer. He went on to work as a welder, machine tool operator, and food distributor.
Later in 2006, he designed a low-cost sanitary napkin production system, which won the Grassroots Technological Innovations Award from the National Innovation Foundation. After winning the award, he became an entrepreneur by establishing Jayaashree Industries, which manufactures low-cost sanitary napkin production machines as well as economical sanitary napkins for women in India’s rural areas.
- While Arunachalam Muruganantham began experimenting with sanitary napkins, he received a lot of negative feedback from his village and family.
- His wife and mother abandoned him and ceased communicating with him. Despite the fact that he continued to try. He approached the girls from a nearby medical college and asked them to try out the pads he had produced. He had, however, failed yet again.
- He decided to test his sanitary pads on himself because he couldn’t find any more willing participants. He was able to obtain some animal blood and store it in the bladder of a football. While strolling about the town, he wore a sanitary napkin and continued to pump blood into it. However, it was another another failed experiment.
- Arunachalam’s people Muruganantham began to believe that he had been possessed by bad spirits and was preparing to bind him to a tree so that a local soothsayer could heal him. Nonetheless, he managed to flee the village.
- He failed every time because the cotton he was using was ordinary cotton. It took him two years to figure out that sanitary napkin cotton is cellulose generated from pine bark wood pulp.
- Because he didn’t speak English well, a college lecturer assisted him in contacting cellulose fibre manufacturers. Muruganantham spent about 7,000 rupees making phone calls to several businesses.
- He also looked into the entire process of making sanitary napkins and discovered how expensive the sanitary napkin manufacturing machine is. It costs around US$550,000 (about 35 million). The machine made by Arunachalam Muruganantham is far less expensive than the imported one, costing only 65000.
- He built his first machine out of wood, which received the Grassroots Technological Innovations Award from the National Innovation Foundation, beating out 943 other entrants.
- Pratibha Patil, India’s then-President, awarded him with the honour.
- After learning of the honour he had won, Arunachalam Muruganantham’s ex-wife called him after 5 years.
- He was inundated with offers from multinational corporations (MNCs) who wanted to buy his machine’s patent at any cost, but he turned down all offers because he invented the machine solely to provide a low-cost sanitary napkin to women in rural India, which he couldn’t do if he sold it to those MNCs.
- In 18 months, he built his first 250 machines and put them in undeveloped parts of Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh.
- Arunachalam Muruganantham was named one of Time magazine’s 100 Most Influential People in the World in 2014.
- In rural areas, NGOs and women’s self-help groups purchase him. There are two sorts of machines: manual (costing around INR7500) and semi-automated (costing approximately INR7500) (costing a little more than INR 75000). Not only have those machines produced the cheapest sanitary napkins, but one machine employs over ten people and produces 200-250 napkins each day at a cost of roughly 2.5 rupees.
- When he realised that his machines might also create jobs, he established a goal of employing one million underprivileged women, which he exceeded, and then established a new goal of ten million jobs worldwide.
- He plans to spread his effort to 106 countries after covering rural areas of India.
- Arunachalam Muruganantham has gained widespread acclaim for his effort on behalf of women and has been invited to talk at major institutions such as IIM Ahmedabad, IIM Bangalore, IIT Bombay, and Harvard.
- He was awarded the Padma Shri by the Indian government in 2016 for his outstanding contributions to rural women.
- He has had the opportunity to present at the well-known TED presentations.
- Amit Virmani’s award-winning documentary “Menstrual Man” is based on Arunachalam Muruganantham’s life storey.
- In November 2016, actress Twinkle Khanna wrote a novel titled “The Legend of Lakshmi Prasad,” which was inspired on Arunachalam Muruganantham’s life.
- In his film Padman, released in February 2018, Akshay Kumar portrayed ‘Arunachalam Muruganantham‘ (as Lakshmikant Chauhan).
- He was ranked 45th on Fortune Magazine’s list of the World’s 50 Greatest Leaders 2019 in April 2019.